collateral loans

What You Need to Know About Collateral Loans

The ebb and flow of modern business is difficult to predict. Small businesses, in particular, can struggle to react to fast-changing market conditions. There may be times when short-term cash injections are needed to cover temporary cash flow problems or capitalize on opportunities for expansion. And at times like these, collateral loans are very useful financing options.

Whether you need funds to expand your business or simply to cover a temporary cash shortage, collateral loans could be the answer. But to ensure you choose the right product, you need to know exactly what you’re dealing with.

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Collateral loans defined

Collateral is an asset used by a lender as security for a loan. While there are unsecured loans available, collateral loans tend to offer lower rates — thanks to the reduced risk the lender faces.

Most traditional lenders require at least one asset as collateral. This might be property (such as pieces of equipment), shares in a business, future profits, or unpaid invoices. How much collateral is needed depends on a range of factors, including the loan amount, the term, the purpose of the loan, and the business’s credit history.

Does a collateral business loan make sense for me?

Applying for a collateral business loan makes sense if your business is viable over the long-term. If you’re borrowing money against assets in order to delay the inevitable, a collateral loan might not be the best answer for your business. But if your business has strong assets and a demonstrably bright future, a loan secured against collateral could be the right choice.

If you have collateral, you can take advantage of higher loan amounts, longer repayment terms, and lower rates.

Related: Everything You Need to Know About Small Business Financing

What type of collateral is required for secured collateral loans?

When you take out a collateral loan, you’re making a legal commitment to repay it according to the agreed schedule. If you fall seriously behind with your repayments, the lender can sell off your secured assets to recoup the outstanding balance on the loan.

As long as your collateral has significant value, there’s a chance your loan provider will consider it for a secured loan. The most common forms of collateral are:

Real estate

You can secure a loan against commercial property. Some lenders will also lend against the equity your business holds in a property (the difference between your real estate loan balance and the property’s current market value).


You can secure a collateral loan against a business bank account. Lenders have the option of liquidating the business bank account if you fail to stick to the payments. But because this type of loan can reduce the risk to the lender, you’re likely to find favorable terms.


If your business owns equipment with significant resale value, your lender may accept it as collateral. In most cases, high-value equipment (such as factory-based machinery) secures favorable rates and longer repayment schedules.

Inventory items

If your business keeps an inventory of stock, you might be able to use it as collateral. However, your inventory needs to be of reasonably high value.


If you run a business that always holds a lot of unpaid invoices, you can use them as collateral. An unpaid invoice represents future income. If you fail to repay your loan, however, the lender will collect the monies owed when the secured invoices are paid.

Blanket liens

This type of collateral loan gives the lender the opportunity to use all viable assets owned by a business as collateral.

A personal guarantee

A personal guarantee gives your lender the right to seize any personal assets you personally own now or in the future in order to satisfy the outstanding business debt.

What if I don’t own any collateral?

If you don’t have any business assets to secure a loan, you might be eligible for unsecured financing. However, as the risk to the lender is greater, expect potentially less favorable rates and repayment terms. The loan amounts available tend to be smaller, typically below $25,000. You’ll need to prove your business income and present a plan for how the funds will be spent. Your business’s credit history and age will be determining factors in the lender’s decision.

Can I avoid adding collateral to my loan?

The simple answer is yes, but it’s not always easy. Essentially, you’re asking for a loan based on little more than goodwill. You’ll need to demonstrate a long history of sound financial management. You’ll also need to have a strong credit rating. The lender is likely to ask for bank statements, accounts records, and a comprehensive business plan that details how you will spend the funds. But beware: Unsecured loans can come with higher rates.

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What happens with the collateral if I do not make payments on time?

Your lender will probably seek to sell your secured assets in order to offset the outstanding balance your business owes. How and when this will happen should be detailed in your loan agreement. However, this is usually a time-consuming process that involves a range of costs. Most lenders will only seek to sell assets used as collateral if they’ve exhausted all the alternatives, including adjusted repayment plans, extra time to pay or filing a lawsuit.

I need a small business loan but I don’t want a collateral loan. What options do I have?

If your business is in good standing, you might be eligible for an unsecured small business loan or an unsecured line of credit. However, expect to potentially pay a higher rates than you would with a collateral loan.

Small business financing that may require collateral

There are several types of collateral business loans that may be available to you:

SBA loans

Small Business Administration (SBA) loan is partially guaranteed by the U.S. government. You and your business will need a very high credit score to be eligible.

Asset-based loans

Asset-based loans are secured against assets such as inventory, equipment, and accounts receivable.

Line of credit

line of credit is a flexible business finance product that provides you with working capital. You draw against the approved working capital as and when you need it. This is a good way of controlling costs, as you only use — and pay for — the credit you need.

Commercial real estate

commercial real estate loan is used to purchase or develop buildings, land and various other forms of commercial property. Your business can leverage existing equity to secure the finance required for expansion.

Pros and cons of collateral loans

There’s always a risk involved when borrowing money. It’s important to assess risks fully before committing to a collateral loan.

A loan secured against assets usually involves a lower rates, as the risk to the lender is mitigated. This ability to mitigate risk also means lenders can provide larger loans on better terms. And collateral loans for bad credit help businesses to rebuild their credit rating — reducing the cost of finance in the future.

But a collateral loan may be a risk you’re not willing to take. If you fall behind with your repayments, you could lose the assets secured against the loan.

Is a collateral loan the way to go?

Collateral loans are normally cheaper and easy to apply for. They offer flexible repayment terms that give your business room to breathe during times of expansion or financial difficulty. Assess the suitability of a secured loan for your business by getting a quote from Rapid Finance.

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